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 The History of Video Games

Joined: Thu May 12, 2016 2:05 pm
Posts: 52
Mon Aug 01, 2016 2:02 pm

The History of Video Games

         Computer games often grew out of university and industrial computer laboratories. Mostly made as technology demonstrations or after-hours amusements of computer programmers and engineers. Such as, William A. Higinbotham of the Brookhaven Nations Laboratory in New York, 1958. He created a game called Tennis for Two for part of a display for visitors at the laboratory.  The first arcade game was called Computer Space, a coin operated version of Spacewar! that was released in 1971.

            Although Spacewar! was a failure, the creator, Nolan Bushnell, founded the Atari Corporation in 1972 to develop some new arcade games. Atari’s first release was a game called Pong, a simple game based on Ping-Pong.  Pong was an instant accomplishment. The arcade industry burst in 1978 with the debut of Space Invaders. In Japan the game was extremely popular that it caused a shortage of the coins used to play Pong.

            Space Invaders also sparked the progress of video arcades all over the U.S. and also in other countries.  Space Invaders was by a list of other excessively favored games, this includes Asteroids, Defender, Missile Command, Centipede, Donkey Kong, and computerized versions of sports and card games.  The most outstanding arcade game of all time was called Pac-Man, which was released in 1980. It instantly became a universal phenomenon, with more than 100,000 game consoles sold in the U.S. alone.

            Meanwhile, numerous arcade games became possible to play at home. In late 1960s U.S. engineer Ralph Baer began evolving games that could be played on T.V’s. In 1972 Ralph Baer’s work led to the production of the first home video console, the Magnavox Odyssey. Atari, inspired by the success of Pong in arcades, created a successful home version of the game.  Other companies rushed into the home market also, leading into intensive fight.  The first systems to use game cartridges that were inserted in special slots are, Fairchild Video Entertainment System and the Atari.

            Video games can be played on different platforms. Like game consoles, handheld systems, computers, mobile phones, and others. Popular game consoles include Nintendo Wii, Microsoft Xbox 360, and Sony Playstation 3. These three companies battle to boost the attention of gamers in competitive gaming industry. Generally seen as an industry leader and innovator, Nintendo has helped video game industries beyond just hardcore gamers thank games such as Nintendogs.

            In the past the dominant input for video games has been the handheld controller, this has changed not long ago as game makers look to capture new crowds with new interactive input devices. This includes cameras, guitars, microphones, touch screens, motion sensitive controllers, etc. Genres for video games are wide and varied. Popular genres include action adventure, strategy, role playing, sports, racing, simulation and puzzle. Making video games has become a huge business and creating a high quality game often takes the input of a large number of game developers for the game to be successful.

            A high number of graphic designers and programmers, other skills such as management, writing and music are also important to a final product.  With the rise of Internet gaming has been seeing a strong growth in the field of multiplayer games. While previously was limited to playing with a person in the same location. It now includes people interacting with other people who are in different cities, countries or even living on different side of the globe. MMORPG (Massively Multiplayer Online Role- Playing Games) is a popular example of multiplayer gaming.

            Depending on your point of view, video games can be seen in both a positive and negative way. People can be entertained also as they improve their hand eye coordination, problem solving skills and other abilities. There is also research of extended gaming limiting children’s physical activity and an overexposure to violence at a young age. 

This was my essay for class tell me what you think. Do you think I should write some more essays? 

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